Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) is a skill certification component to enable a large number of Indian youth to take on industry-relevant skill certification which will help them to secure a better livelihood. Individuals with prior learning experience or skills can register themselves and get assessed and certified under the RPL component of the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) scheme. RPL focuses mainly on individuals engaged in unregulated sectors. So far, 47 lakh individuals have been RPL certified under the PMKVY Scheme.

RPL under PMKVY can be implemented via five modes viz. RPL at Camps, RPL at Employer’s Premise, RPL at Centre’s, RPL with Best in Class Employers and RPL through Demand. Process of implementation largely remains the same in all five modes.



To align the competencies of the un-regulated workforce of the country to the standardized National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF)


To enhance the employability opportunities of an individual as well as provide alternative routes to higher education


To provide opportunities for reducing inequalities based on privileging certain forms of knowledge over others.

Benefits of Recognition Of Prior Learning

  • No fee is charged from a candidate for participating in the RPL program.
  • RPL recognizes the value of learning acquired outside a formal setting and provides a government certificate for skills acquired in informal settings or during work.
  • Every certified candidate receives a reward money of INR 500.
  • Candidates receive exposure to concepts such as digital literacy, financial literacy, entrepreneurship etc.
  • Candidates receive free of cost accidental insurance coverage for three years.

5-Steps in RPL Under PMKVY

1. Mobilization

Mobilization involves activities related to mobilization of potential candidates who are skilled but uncertified.

2. Counselling and pre-screening

Potential candidates are counselled about PMKVY, what RPL is and how the skill certification will assist them in transforming their life. After counselling, a pre-screening test is conducted to ascertain the job role which matches the prior knowledge and existing skill sets of the potential candidates. Pre-screening test involves collection of supporting documentation evidence from the candidates and a candidate self-assessment.

3. Orientation

All candidates are mandatorily provided orientation of 12 hours. This orientation includes 6 hours of domain specific training, 4 hours of training on soft skills and entrepreneurship, and 2 hours on familiarization with the assessment processes and methods. Knowledge gaps identified during the counselling stage are also addressed during the orientation delivery.

4. Final Assessment

Assessment of candidates is conducted by the assessment bodies accredited by the Sector Skill Councils (SSCs). Under PMKVY RPL, the candidate is assessed on both Core as well as Non-Core NOSs [National Occupational Standards (NOS) describe best practices by bringing together performance criteria, knowledge and skills pertaining to a job role. A set of NOSs related to a specific job role is called Qualification Pack (QP). Qualification Pack for every Job Role is pegged at a NSQF Level.] of a Qualification Pack (QP). Core NOSs carry 70% weightage and Non-Core NOSs carry 30% weightage in the total assessment score of the candidate. SSCs may choose to conduct offline as well as online assessment depending upon the characteristics of the sector and availability of online modules.

5. Certification

Mark sheet and pay-out distribution to candidates- SSC upon approving the result issues the certificate to successful candidates. Pass percentage in the assessment exam for job roles of NSQF level 1, 2, 3 is 50% and for job roles of NSQF level 4 and above is 70%. A candidate who achieves greater than or equal to the pass percentage for a QP is awarded the PMKVY RPL Certificate, Mark sheet and a candidate pay-out of INR500. A candidate who achieves less than the pass percentage mentioned for a QP, but at least 30% or above of the total score, receives only a mark sheet and candidate pay-out of INR500. A candidate who scores less than 30% of the total score, shall receive only the mark sheet and be encouraged to undergo Short Term Training under PMKVY.